BRRI innovations to pave way for local agro machine industry

Md Mizanur Rahman from Derai upazila of Sunamganj bought an imported merged harvester about 3 many years back for the purpose of harvesting paddy in the Haor space. Even right after receiving a 50% subsidy from the authorities on the purchase cost, he had to spend Tk14.5 lakh to obtain the equipment.

But, the Bangladesh Rice Exploration Institute (BRRI) has just lately designed a blended harvester extra ideal for use in community croplands, and, if manufactured commercially, its generation value will be in the variety of Tk12 lakh to Tk13 lakh only.

The merged harvester, made by the BRRI, is also able of harvesting paddy on 3-4 bighas of land for each hour. The harvesting loss of this gadget is underneath 1%.

Agro equipment companies and importers stated weighty equipment imported from abroad ordinarily faces issues throughout movement by means of tiny streets in distant parts of the place. Their use is also complicated because of to the compact size of croplands. It is also challenging to mend them in circumstance of any injury as there are not plenty of workshops.

BRRI experts are inventing technologies to stay away from this kind of difficulties.

Janata Engineering, an agro-equipment producer, has previously made the merged harvester experimentally employing BRRI’s know-how, and the device has proven good effects in the demo run.

The machine is able of reducing paddy in small-sized agricultural plots and can ply narrow rural roadways.

Nonetheless, BRRI needs to consider some additional time to enable its commercial creation as it would like to make the engineering completely flawless by means of further more exploration.

Officials worried stated BRRI scientists have already invented technologies for making agricultural implements for different purposes from the sowing of seeds to the threshing of crops.

These technologies will be provided for free to neighborhood private agricultural machinery producers who will generate and marketplace the equipment, they stated, including by this, a system will begin to establish a thriving major agricultural implements field regionally.

Business owners, nonetheless, have told The Business Standard that significant investments are necessary for production these varieties of machinery regionally for which they would require govt guidance including uncomplicated bank loans, and VAT waiver in importing equipment sections.

Presently, they are operating on 9 equipment which include rice transplanter, power weeder, reaper binder, guide rice transplanter, transplanter cum fertiliser applier, compact rice mill, and photo voltaic mild trap. Some of these units are going by way of lab trials and some are likely as a result of an updating approach following field trials.

The BRRI is functioning with 10 companies to manufacture these equipment commercially. But officials reported the systems would be open for anyone for manufacturing less than the supervision of the BRRI.

AKM Saiful Islam, director of the machinery investigation challenge and main scientific officer of BRRI, informed TBS, “Agro gear made making use of the technologies invented by the BRRI would be much less expensive than imported ones. But, big investments would be needed to commence commercial creation of these machines for the reason that for this you have to create a separate manufacturing line.”

BRRI scientists have also accomplished investigation on a seed sower device that can sow 7,000 to 7,3000 seeds on trays per hour. The believed selling price of the unit would be Tk7,000 to Tk8,000.

BRRI sources said the fabrication of the to start with variation of the automatic rice transplanter has been carried out with the help of R K Metal. At the moment, it is going by means of a subject trial. The development in manufacturing guide rice transplanting is 65%. Nonetheless, so significantly, 16 types of electric power weeder have been developed and are undergoing lab trials.

In accordance to local agricultural machinery companies, far more than 1,000 nearby providers are developing tiny equipment like threshers, irrigation pumps, electrical power tillers, and backyard garden routine maintenance equipment which are only 5%-6% of the agricultural equipment utilised in the country.

They reported the duties of planting seeds and seedlings, fertilising land, and harvesting are even now performed by agricultural personnel. Some devices that are being used for these needs are wholly imported.

A farmer employs a mixed harvester for harvesting paddy. The device, designed by the BRRI, is capable of harvesting paddy on 3-4 bighas of land per hour. Image: TBS

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A farmer makes use of a put together harvester for harvesting paddy. The machine, produced by the BRRI, is capable of harvesting paddy on 3-4 bighas of land for every hour. Photo: TBS

Md Waliullah, owner of Janata Engineering, reported, “It took a 12 months for the system that we have created experimentally. We have to make a new investment decision for its industrial manufacturing. For this, we have to have coverage support from the government.”

BRRI officers mentioned some organizations in the state have the capability to manufacture significant equipment, but that demands infrastructural enhancement and financial commitment.

The government is supplying 50%-70% subsidies for paying for weighty agricultural units in different regions. But these equipment are currently being purchased from importers.

Significant-scale investment in this sector will arrive only if the governing administration provides subsidies for purchasing devices from regional producers, they claimed.

BRRI is employing the challenge involving an estimated expense of Tk44 crore, which started in 2019 and is scheduled to end in 2024. The organisation will send out 20 researchers and 20 officials overseas for greater instruction. Some 6,480 farmers, mechanics, and support suppliers are also currently being qualified less than the challenge.

9 agricultural mechanisation villages have been chosen for the use of agricultural machinery at all levels of paddy production below the venture.

Researchers informed TBS that even nevertheless the use of agricultural machinery started off in the country in the 1990s, farm mechanisation has not but got the anticipated momentum as the use of equipment is nevertheless restricted to mostly land preparing and threshing.

Investigation in this sector started two many years back by way of the BRRI.

According to sources, the use of ability tillers for land preparing begun in the mid-nineties. Currently, 98% of the country’s croplands are ready by power tillers.

On the other hand, seedling and transplanting equipment are applied on only 2% of the land, fertilising devices on 3%, and harvesting machines are utilized on 3% of the land.

Benzir Alam, director basic of the Office of Agricultural Extension, reported, “All around 40,000-50,000 tractors are essential every 12 months. Of these, only 3,000 tractors are made domestically.”

A farmer utilizes a blended harvester for harvesting paddy. The machine, designed by the BRRI, is able of harvesting paddy on 3-4 bighas of land for each hour. Picture: TBS

A farmer uses a combined harvester for harvesting paddy. The equipment, formulated by the BRRI, is able of harvesting paddy on 3-4 bighas of land for every hour. Photograph: TBS